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Designation of Origin

Some regions where the product is traditionally processed, together with the Ministry of Agriculture in Spain, have created the Designation of Origin to guarantee the quality of the ham and protect the customer who has less knowledge of the sector against fraud.

The Bodies require and monitor that the Iberian ham complies with specific characteristics in order to carry the quality stamp. This monitoring process promoted by the Supervisory Committee of the Designation of Origin, guarantees and facilitates the sale of the product by breeders.


The Designations of Origin acknowledged by the European Union regarding Iberian pigs are:

  • Jamón Ibérico D.O. Dehesa de Extremadura. The production area is located in the cork and oak tree reserves of Cáceres and Badajoz. Extremadura has about one million hectares at its disposal of the total reserve area of the Iberian Peninsular. The Denominación de Origen Dehesa de Extremadura was approved in May 1990 and ratified by the Ministry of Agriculture in the Official Journal of 2 July 1990.
  • Jamón Ibérico D.O. Jamón de Huelva. Ham processed in Sierra di Huelva (Andalucia), in the boroughs of Cumbres Mayores, Cortegana, Jabugo, Encinasola, Galaroza, etc., which belong to Denominación de Origen Jamón de Huelva Jabugo reserve.
  • Jamón Ibérico D.O. Los Pedroches (county of Córdoba).   It has a wide and slim shape and profiled with V-shaped incision. It comes with the foot and trotter for ease of identification. Its characteristic colour varies from red to purpley-red and the fat infilatrated into the muscle can be noted when sliced.
  • Jamón Ibérico D.O. Jamón de Guijuelo. From the 16th Century, the pigs of this Designation have been reared on the hillsides of Gredos y Béjar, in the Autonomous Region of Castilla y León and Extremadura, Andalucía and Castilla-La Mancha. The processing area consists of 77 Boroughs in the Sout-East of the county of Salamanca, with its capital city of Guijuelo from which the designation takes its name. 60% of Spanish production of Iberian ham belongs to the D.O. Jamón de Guijuelo.

The Designations of origin are legally protected by EU Council Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006.

denominaciones ibericos